The price of maize which is currently around N155,000 per metric tonne is set to crash as the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) is about to release into the Nigerian market by February, about 300,000 metric tonnes from Strategic Anchors under the Anchor Borrowers’ Programme (ABP) of the apex bank.
With this, it is expected that the prices of maize in the Nigerian market would drop significantly, thereby increasing demand for the crop and ultimately enhancing the gains of maize farmers.
The planned release follows moves made by the critical stakeholders, working with relevant government and security agencies, to put a halt to reprehensible and speculative activities of middlemen and bandits respectively.
Prior to the CBN and Nigeria Custom Service (NCS) collaboration, President Muhammadu Buhari had approved the release of 30,000 tonnes of maize from the National Strategic Grain Reserve to support the Poultry Association of Nigeria (PAN) at a subsidised rate.
In a chat with newsmen in Abuja, the National President of the Maize Association of Nigeria (MAAN), Alhaji Bello Abubakar, gave reasons for the current shortfall in the quantity of maize available in the market, to include insecurity around the major maize producing belt of Niger, Kaduna, Katsina, Zamfara and part of Kano States. Bello also identified the activities of hoarders and middlemen who engage in hoarding of the grain.
Also speaking in the same vein, a prime anchor under the maize production, Dr. Edwin Uche, said banditry, drought in some parts of the country in 2020, and activities of middlemen were responsible for the current high price.
He, however, explained the planned dry season farming which is first of its kind in the country, timely distribution of inputs to farmers and improved security would go a long way to enhancing production and ensuring stability in price. He expressed optimism about the price crashing to N120, 000 per metric tonnes in the next couple of days.
Another major stakeholder in the maize production, Mr. Ayodeji Balogun of AFEX, attributed the hike in price to cash-flow problem of farmers which has compelled farmers to resort to collecting cash from buyers ahead of production and resorting to side-selling, especially across the borders of neighbouring countries due to higher prices.
The CBN in 2020 had provided credit facility and seed support to maize farmers, to enable them increase their yield, particularly due to the challenge posed by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
As part of the bank’s financing framework, the CBN has facilitated the funding of maize farmers and processors through the Anchor Borrowers’ Programme (ABP) Commodity Association, Private/Prime Anchors, State Governments, Maize Aggregation Scheme (MAS), and the Commercial Agricultural Credit Scheme (CACS).
Confirming the release of credit to its members by the CBN, the national president of the Maize Association of Nigeria (MAAN), Dr. Bello Abubakar, disclosed that over 200,000 farmers are targeted to produce more than 25 million metric tonnes of maize in the 2020/2021 planting season.
According to him, the credit secured by the CBN are being distributed to members along the maize value chain, nation-wide. He expressed confidence that the support of the CBN would boost production and ultimately ensure availability as well as stability in the price of the commodity.
In spite of cases of insecurity in some parts of the country, he said farmers were committed to meeting the objective of food security.
Abubakar also charged middlemen not to take advantage of the supply gap to hike the price of the grains, even as he assured that farmers would maintain reasonable price. He equally urged the federal government to put in place mechanism to protect farmers from market triggered shocks.
About one hundred thousand hectares of farmland is already being prepared for the novel dry season maize cultivation from January through March. It is expected that 80 per cent of the total yield could be harvested from north-west and north-east alone, sometime in May this year.